cmi5 is technically a profile of xAPI which means it piggy backs on top of things already well defined in xAPI, but adds specificity in others. For cmi5, this means that certain xAPI statements are required, and launch is handled in a very specific way
If content launch is ultimately going to transition from SCORM to xAPI, cmi5’s support for launch will be a requirement.
In 2001, the Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM) first saw the light of day.
It gave federal agencies, and organizations in general, the ability to compare and share content across various platforms.
From a technical standpoint, SCORM is an XML file that outlines content in a tree-like structure, along with a set of required and optional attributes.
Early on, Moodle had the ability to import SCORM packages. All the package needed was an “LMS manifest” XML file at the top following the specification, along with the course content laid out according to the manifest. Multimedia files and reading material are arranged accordingly inside the package, which is a typical ZIP file
In the rest of the world, SCORM was losing traction instead of gaining it, which seemed to be the case ever since SCORM 2004.
Most perplexing, the space vacated by SCORM wasn’t filled by anybody else, raising the question of whether anyone other than the US DoD really needed a learning specification.
the web 2.0 movement of web-services and 3rd party content accessible through standards such as the IMS Global Learning Tools Interoperability and now Caliper have opened the world of content and activities to Moodle sites and classrooms without the need to transfer files or other information between systems.
One of SCORM’s worst pitfalls was its complete focus on supply while disregarding demand.
But when it came to performance, SCORM had no way to ensure assessment outcomes were similarly standardized.
In 2013, recognizing the several issues facing SCORM (including, possibly, brand reputation), and a new technological stage, ADL launched the “Experience API”, or xAPI, a potential SCORM replacement. xAPI came with the appellative of “Tin Can API”, intended by ADL to reflect its “two-way conversation with the community.”
Instead of XML, xAPI works in JSON, a newer, simpler, and more flexible format that features the one thing the technical basis for a specification should have: interoperability.
While xAPI lets you add a performance profile and use it to automatically track and evaluate the effectiveness of a learning intervention, it offers little help in developing said profiles
For all the imperfections the SCORM specification has, xAPI has yet to reach SCORM’s status of standardization.
The global collaborative effort will help educators, universities, governments, and companies revolutionize the effectiveness and reach of education, and aims to help prepare people everywhere for a labor market radically altered by technological progress, globalization, and the pursuit of higher living standards around the world
opening educational pathways that are currently closed to millions
J-WEL will be an anchor entity within MIT’s open education and learning initiatives that are led by MIT Vice President for Open Learning Sanjay Sarma.
M.S. Vijay Kumar, MIT’s associate dean of digital learning, will serve as J-WEL’s executive director and will work closely with the faculty leads. Faculty will receive J-WEL grants for research related to this initiative
Leveraging MIT’s resources, J-WEL will convene a global community of collaborators for sustainable, high-impact transformation in education through research, policy, pedagogy, and practice.
new educational tools and methods will be deployed.
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